Robotics in machine tending can cut costs dramatically by allowing skilled labor to focus on imperative production tasks. In automated machine tending the robot loads and unloads parts from the CNC machine. Using standard part holding fixtures simplifies the production setup as the robot always handles the fixture instead of the actual part.

Minimal setup or modification to the control system may be required for robot and machine center communication for start of cycle, end of cycle and to decipher which CNC program to run for each part.

Deburring and polishing is an additional area where robotics has excelled in recent years. New force feedback capabilities help robots perform these operations more accurately. Robots have CAM capabilities that can read CNC G-code programs. The same NC CAM software used to program milling machines can be used to create complex polishing programs for the robots.

When justifying return on investment, complete an accurate estimate of the potential cost savings for automating an area. Important factors to consider are labor cost, overtime, benefits, savings from reduced rework and scrap, and increased production rate. Robots work 24 hours a day, 7 days a week in dangerous and undesirable areas for employees or in lights-out facilities.

Start with the area that offers the best savings. Robotics can be a phase added approach into your facility . The cost savings from the first phase can be used to free manpower and capital to implement the next phase. Creating a master plan in the beginning helps the project stay on target and reduces risk.

When planning for future automation phases choose the best solution based on the space available for your application. The extremely large work area of some gantry robots—with a linear unit and jointed-arm robot combination—gives the automation cell maximum flexibility. Utilizing such a robot enables an end user to automate multiple machine centers, while using minimal floor space.

Allow-ing the robot to manufacture the same part, several different parts or work together on a two-step process. Parts can be introduced into the system on easy-loaded pallets. As an option or additional phase, a second arm can be added to the rail to increase throughput and flexibility

Advantages to PC-based control technology are the ability to have the familiar Windows interface and Graphical User Interface software. Standard HMI (human machine interface) products are available to help designers create custom user interfaces for the robot. The HMI can pull status displays or control functions all together on one display at the robot. The interfaces can include text and graphics to describe the process and can even animate displays. Creating a simple and easy-to-use display helps reduce operator training and create a confident, efficient operator.

When introducing new technology, personnel issues must not be overlooked. It is important that employees are educated on the use of robotics and trained properly to allow them to be more productive and available for effective projects. Proper training of operators is as critical as the design of the automation system. If employees feel threatened or untrained during the development stage of new equipment, it is less likely to succeed.